'Invicta' steam locomotive, 1830.
© National Railway Museum / Science & Society Picture Library -- All rights reserved
Undated photograph of the first steam train to regularly carry passengers anywhere in the world. The Invicta was built for the Canterbury and Whitstable line in Kent by Robert Stephenson & Company. English engineer and mechanic Stephenson (1803-1859) based the design of the Invicta on that of the 'Rocket' that became famous after winning the Rainhill Trials on the Liverpool & Manchester Railway in 1829. The Canterbury & Whitstable Railway, which opened on 3 May 1830, was known locally as the 'Crab and Winkle' line. It was taken over by the South Eastern Railway in 1844, and remained in operation until 1952.