Undated photograph of the first steam train to regularly carry passengers anywhere in the world. The Invicta was built for the Canterbury and Whitstable line in Kent by Robert Stephenson & Company. English engineer and mechanic Stephenson (1803-1859) based the design of the Invicta on that of the 'Rocket' that became famous after winning the Rainhill Trials on the Liverpool & Manchester Railway in 1829. The Canterbury & Whitstable Railway, which opened on 3 May 1830, was known locally as the 'Crab and Winkle' line. It was taken over by the South Eastern Railway in 1844, and remained in operation until 1952.
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