Kodak 'Brownie' box camera, 1900.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Kodak 'Brownie' box camera, made by Eastman Kodak Co. The camera was literally a cardboard box with a wooden end, yet it took perfectly good photographs. First produced in 1900, the camera was named after characters from a popular series of children's books by the Canadian writer and illustrator Palmer Cox (1840-1924). Kodak advertising featured drawings of these pixie-like Brownies.