Kinora viewer, c 1900.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
The interior mechanism of a Kinora viewer. 'Le Kinora' was invented by the Lumiere company in France in 1897. These home viewers came in a variety of styles but were all based on the flip book principle: by turning a handle the reel revolved causing the pictures to flip over against a static peg; the moving pictures were viewed through an eyepiece. Kinora reels were derived from a variety of cinema films, though a camera was available for making home-movies.