Kinemacolor advertisement, c 1910.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
The two-colour motion picture process, Kinemacolor, was invented by the British film producer, George Albert Smith, and patented in 1906. It was taken up by the American entrepreneur, Charles Urban, and became the first commercially successful motion picture colour process. First shown publicly in 1908, it was used until 1916. A number of cinemas in London, UK regularly showed Kinemacolor films and they were also shown in 12 other countries around the world.