Short's 'Filoscope' flip book, 1897.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Invented by Robert W Paul's (1869-1943) cameraman, Henry W Short, this was a small hand-held flip book device, using a lever to flip over separate pictures to give the illusion of movement. Each filoscope contained a hundred or so frames. This one contains a sequence of photographs of a train, and was made in London by license from The British Mutoscope & Biograph Co Ltd.