Thomas Carlyle, 1867.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Portrait of the writer Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881) by Julia Margaret Cameron (1815-1879). Cameron's photographic portraits are considered among the finest in the early history of photography. She set up a private studio at her Isle of Wight home at the age of 48, after her daughter gave her a camera, and she became expert at using the collodion wet-plate process. She used friends, servants and neighbours as subjects, including the scientists John Herschel and Charles Darwin, and poet Alfred Tennyson. Much of her work reflects the Pre-Raphaelite painting style which was popular at the time. In 1875 she and her husband moved to Ceylon, (now Sri Lanka), where she died in 1879.