The photograph shows a monument outside the station. This is because the station was built at the site of an 'Eleanor Cross'. When Queen Eleanor, wife of Edward I, died in 1290, her body was taken to Westminster Abbey. Edward built a cross at every place where the procession stopped, on the way to London. The cross is no longer present, but a monument at Charing Cross marks the location of the cross. Charing Cross is thought by some to mean 'Chere Reine', or 'Beloved Queen'. Charing Cross station opened in 1864, as a terminus for the South Eastern Railway.
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