Man with signs of 'spirit presence', c 1920.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
A portrait photograph of a man, possibly taken by William Hope (1863-1933). Swirls of light appear to surround the sitter. Hope's spirit album photographs use multiple exposure techniques to render the appearance of ghostly apparitions. Hope founded the spiritualist society known as the Crewe Circle and his work was popular after World War One when many bereaved people were desperate to find evidence of loved ones living beyond the grave. Although his deception was publicly exposed by a private investigator in 1922, he continued to practice.