Woodcut of Andreas Vesalius dissecting a cadaver, 1555.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraved title page with woodcut illustration from Vesalius' work 'De humani corporis fabrica' (On the Structure of the Human Body). The book was first published in 1543 and contained detailed descriptions and illustrations of human anatomy. This woodcut is from the second edition, which was printed by Johannes Oporinus, in Basel in Switzerland. Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564) was professor of anatomy and medicine at the University of Padua, Italy.