'Vue General de la Mosquee d'Omar', 1857.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
A photograph of the Mosque of Omar, Jerusalem, taken by Robertson, Beato and Co in 1857. Omar was the caliph-successor of Muhammad who captured Jerusalem from the Eastern Roman Empire. The Mosque of Omar is also called the Dome of the Rock. Its dome stands over the rock where the sacrificial altar of the temple stood. Felice Beato, a Venetian by birth, initially worked as a photographer in England. Around 1854 he began working with his brother-in-law James Robertson, based in Constantinople (Istanbul). Some photographs are signed 'Robertson, Beato and Co'. It is possible the 'and Co' refers to Felice's brother Antonio Beato. Robertson and Beato photographed the Crimean War in 1855 and the Indian Mutiny (1857-1858).