James Watt, Scottish engineer, 1859.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Parian ware miniature bust of James Watt (1736-1819) made by Josiah Wedgwood and Sons after an original bust by Edward William Wyon. James Watt was a Scottish engineer and instrument maker who invented the modern steam engine which became the main source of power in the textile mills in Britain. His engine had a separate condenser through which steam from the cylinder was passed and cooled, allowing the engine to be kept hot. This reduced fuel consumption, saving time. Wyon's bust of James Watt was very popular and was copied in large numbers. This is a miniature version for use in a domestic setting.