Enfield carbine rifle, c 1860.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
The Royal Small Arms armaments factory, Enfield, London, which opened in 1804, was a major manufacturer of firearms for the British Army. It was originally built to produce the famous 'Brown Bess' musket, and later produced equally well known weapons including the Lee-Enfield 303 rifle and the Sten gun. By the end of the 19th century, the factory was supplying British soldiers with 2000 rifles per week. Detail of trigger and the firing pin.