'Conway Castle', c 1880.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
A photographic view of Conwy Castle, published by Francis Bedford & Co. Construction of the castle began in 1283. The castle was designed by James of St George (c 1230-1308) and was an important part of King Edward I's (1239-1307) plan of surrounding Wales with fortifications to subdue the Welsh population. The gravity-anchored steel chain suspension bridge was designed by Thomas Telford (1757-1834) and built between 1822 and 1826. Bedford (1816-1894) was a prolific and well-respected photographer, best known for his numerous topographic and architectural views of Britain. He was assisted by his son, William (1846-1893) whose work is almost indistinguishable from that of his father.