'Jellallabad [sic], The Bastion...', c 1878.
© NMeM / Kodak Collection / Science & Society
A photograph by John Burke [1845-1900] of a tower on the walls of Jalalabad, Afghanistan, taken in about 1878 and published in the album 'The Afghan War, Attogk to Jellalabad, Gandamak and Surkhab'. In this tower were buried the bodies of General Elphinstone and other British soldiers killed during the retreat of the Kabul garrison to Jalalabad during the First Afghan War in January 1842. Of the 16,500 soldiers and civilians who attempted the march only one man made it to Jalalabad, though a few others survived as prisoners and hostages. The full title of the photograph is 'Jellallabad [sic], The Bastion Where General Elphinstone and Others Were Buried During The Siege in 1841-1842.' A pioneer of photography in India, John Burke began working in Peshawar, as an assistant to the commercial photographer William Baker. Baker took up photography on retiring from the British Army in 1861 and Burke himself had worked as an apothecary in the Royal Artillery. When Baker stopped working i