'Dakka Fort, Western End, Looking Towards Khurd Khyber', c 1878.
© NMeM / Kodak Collection / Science & Society
A photograph by John Burke [1845-1900] of the fort at Dakka, taken about 1878 and published in the album 'The Afghan War, Attogk to Jellalabad, Gandamak and Surkhab'. The interior of this mudbrick fort is filled with the tents and horses of an Indian regiment. In the foreground teams of oxen are being used for ploughing. The mountains of the Hindu Kush loom in the background. Dakka sits at the Afghani end of the Khyber Pass. The Peshawar Valley Field Force rested at Dakka Fort for three weeks following its march through the Khyber Pass in November 1878. A pioneer of photography in India, John Burke began working in Peshawar, as an assistant to the commercial photographer William Baker. Baker took up photography on retiring from the British Army in 1861 and Burke himself had worked as an apothecary in the Royal Artillery. When Baker stopped working in 1873 Burke carried on, recording the evolution of the Indian Raj in the late nineteenth century. Burke accompanied the British army