'Kutchi (Gypsy) Village Near Dacca [sic]', c 1878.
© NMeM / Kodak Collection / Science & Society
A photograph by John Burke [1845-1900] of the small village of Kutchi, near Dakka, Afghanistan, taken about 1878 and published in the album 'The Afghan War, Attogk to Jellalabad, Gandamak and Surkhab'. A collection of tents and huts huddle beneath the mountains at the Afghanistan end of the Khyber Pass. The locals, described in the title to the photograph as 'gypsies', sit in two groups - the men on the left, and women and children further away. Two Indian soldiers stand guard on the right. A pioneer of photography in India, John Burke began working in Peshawar, as an assistant to the commercial photographer William Baker. Burke accompanied the British army on its advance into Afghanistan during the Second Afghan War of 1878-1879.