'Shadi Bagiar Entrance to Khyber Pass', c 1878.
© NMeM / Kodak Collection / Science & Society
A photograph by John Burke [1845-1900] of a camel train at the entrance to the Khyber pass at Shadi Bagiar, taken about 1878 and published in the album 'The Afghan War, Attogk to Jellalabad, Gandamak and Surkhab'. The Khyber Pass proper begins some three miles beyond the fort of Jamrud, which commands the Indian end of the pass. The road enters a pass in the mountains at an opening called Shadi Bagiar. The Khyber Pass is the most important pass between Afghanistan and India. A narrow defile, it winds for some twenty miles between steep cliffs with taller mountains behind. A pioneer of photography in India, John Burke began working in Peshawar, as an assistant to the commercial photographer William Baker. Baker took up photography on retiring from the British Army in 1861 and Burke himself had worked as an apothecary in the Royal Artillery. When Baker stopped working in 1873 Burke carried on, recording the evolution of the Indian Raj in the late nineteenth century. Burke accompani