'Mr Gurney's New Steam Carriage', 1829.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Lithograph by J Doyle of Goldsworthy Gurney's steam carriage 'as it appeared at Hounslow on the 12th of August, with a Barouche attached, containing the Duke of Wellington and other Persons of Distinction'. Influenced by meeting Richard Trevithick, the pioneer of steam propulsion, Cornishman Sir Goldsworthy Gurney (1793-1875) built a steam-powered road vehicle himself in 1823. In 1829, he successfully travelled from Bath to London and back at a sustained speed of 15 mph in a steam carriage. His plans for a regular passenger service using steam-driven road vehicles came to nothing however, as the powerful operators of horse-drawn passenger transport joined forces to ensure that Gurney was forced out of business.