Sir Richard Owen, English naturalist and paleontologist, 1873.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Chromolithograph by Leslie Ward, one of a series of cartoons of 'men of the day', entitled 'Old Bones'. Sir Richard Owen (1804-1892) studied comparative anatomy at Edinburgh University, and at St Bartholomew's Hospital, London. From 1836-56 he was Hunterian Professor of Comparative Anatomy and Physiology, and, from 1856-83, the first Superintendent of the British Museum. He is famous for his work on British fossils, and his categorisation of dinosaurs, and wrote over 600 scientific papers during his career, including the pioneering essay 'Parthenogenesis'. He lost face by opposing Darwin's (1809-1882) theory of evolution.