Alberto Santos-Dumont, Brazilian aviator, 1901.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Chromolithograph by Vincent Brooks Day & Son Ltd of a caricature by George Hum, from 'Vanity Fair' magazine. Santos-Dumont (1873-1932) was a pioneer aviator. He made his first flight in the balloon 'Brasil' (sic) in 1898, and later that year his second balloon, 'America', remained in the air for 22 hours, winning him the aero Club of Paris award. He solved the problem of steering airships when he circumnavigated the Eiffel Tower in his 'Santos-Dumont No 6' dirigible in 1901 (pictured), for which he was awarded the Deutsche Prize. In 1909 he succeeded in building a light monoplane, a forerunner of modern light aircraft.