George Hudson, British railway entrepreneur, mid-19th century.
© National Railway Museum / Science & Society Picture Library -- All rights reserved
Hudson (1811-1871), a York draper, was known as the 'Railway King', and was Lord Mayor of York in 1837. He played a major role in the development of the railways in Britain, became Chairman of the York and North Midland Railway, and in 1844 was appointed Chairman of Midland Railway. Following the collapse of his financial empire during the 'Railway Mania' he fell from favour and died in 1871.