John Logie Baird, Scottish television pioneer, 1934.
© NMeM / Daily Herald Archive / Science & Society Picture Library
John Logie Baird (1888-1946) with his model C30 line televisor. After a serious illness in 1922, Baird devoted himself to experimentation and developed a crude TV apparatus, able to transmit a picture and receive it over a range of a few feet. The first real demonstration was within two attic rooms in Soho, London, in early 1926, and by 1927 he had managed to transmit pictures by telephone line from London to Glasgow. In 1926, Baird started the world's first television station, which he named ZTV.