Three locomotives from the Rainhill Trials, 1829.
© National Railway Museum / Science & Society Picture Library -- All rights reserved
Lithograph showing the 'Rocket', 'Novelty' and 'Sans Pareil' locomotives with the conditions of the trials. The Rainhill Trials were a series of speed tests to establish the most efficient locomotive for railway haulage. It was won by Robert Stephenson's 'Rocket', which subsequently ran on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, 1829-1836 and the Midgeholme Colliery Railway, 1836-1840. 'Novelty' was designed by Braithewaite and Ericsson, and 'Sans Pareil' was designed by Timothy Hackworth.