Theatrical scene, c 1870.
© NMeM / Royal Photographic Society / Science & Society Picture Library
Photograph by Julia Margaret Cameron (1815-1879). Cameron's photographic portraits are considered among the finest in the early history of photography. She set up a private studio at her Isle of Wight home at the age of 48, after her daughter gave her a camera, and she became expert at using the collodion wet-plate process. She used friends, servants and neighbours as subjects, including the scientists John Herschel and Charles Darwin, and the poet Robert Browning. Her photographic style was influenced by the Pre-Raphaelite painters, and her compositions often used Shakespearian themes, or were inspired by the Arthurian poetry of Alfred Lord Tennyson.