'Pernod Fils', c 1900.
© David Nathan-Maister / Science & Society Picture Library
Based on a painting by Charles Maire (1845-1919), this ubiquitous print advertising Pernod once hung in almost every bar and cafe in France. Unusually, the chromolithograph was backed on to canvas, and then varnished, giving it the appearance of an original oil, enhanced by the custom gilt-wood frame. Both Picasso and Braque were inspired by this image, using it as the basis of some of the very earliest Cubist paintings.