Seoul, South Korea, from the International Space Station, c 2005.
© National Aeronautics & Space Administration / Science & Society
The city of Seoul (originally known as Hanyang) has been the capital of Korea for more than 600 years and became South Korea's capital in 1949. Despite this long history, Seoul is a thoroughly modern megacity that has a population of over 10 million people. It is a major force in regional politics, finance, culture, and education. In this nighttime view, major roadways and river courses (such as the Han River) are clearly outlined by street lights, while the brightest lights indicate the downtown urban core (centre of image) and large industrial complexes. One such complex is located at the far left of the image and occupies an island in the Yellow Sea. Very dark regions in the image are mountains or large bodies of water. Nighttime images have been used extensively in urban climate and urban growth research to map the extent of urban (bright) versus rural (dark) regions.