Lima, Peru, from the International Space Station, March 2005.
© National Aeronautics & Space Administration / Science & Society
Located on the broad alluvial fan of the Rimac River, Lima was established by Francisco Pizarro in 1535 and became an important colonial port linking the silver mines of the Altiplano of the high Andes to the east with the burgeoning Spanish empire. During the mid-twentieth century, there was a significant relocation of people from rural mountain communities into the Lima metropolitan area. This photograph depicts the wealthier San Isidro and Mira Flores quarters of Lima, which are characterized by parks, golf courses (such as the Lima Golf Course - approximately 1 kilometre long), and greenbelts interspersed with residential and commercial areas.