'Stephenson by Durham', 1854-1858.
© NMeM / Royal Photographic Society / Science & Society Picture Library
Photograph by Roger Fenton of engineer Robert Stephenson. Fenton was a founding member of the Royal Photographic Society and one of the most influential photographers of the 1850s. He is best known as one of the first war photographers, from his work in the Crimea in 1855. However, he also took many highly-regarded photographs of the Royal Family as well as many superb landscapes, architectural studies and still lifes. Robert Stephenson helped his father George to survey the Stockton & Darlington railway line. They went on to form Robert Stephenson & Company and built The Rocket, the locomotive that won the Rainhill Trials, and won the contract to produce locomotives for the Liverpool & Manchester railway.