Cooling towers at dusk, Haverton Hill area, Middlesbrough, 2005.
© Richard Bosomworth / Science & Society
Haverton Hill came into being during the steel boom of the late 19th and early 20th centuries when workers from all over Britain, and abroad, moved to Teesside to work. The early part of the century saw huge expansion here due to the arrival of Casebourne's cement works, Furness shipyards, and ICI's chemical works. Furness alone built an estate of about 850 houses. Council houses were later added resulting in a new town at Haverton Hill. The town had shops, schools and a cinema by the end of the 1920s. However forty years later the town was demolished due to unnacceptable levels of pollution caused by ICI's chemical plant. The residents were moved to nearby Billingham.