Labour leader Neil Kinnock speaking at a miners' gala, watched by miners' leader Arthur Scargill. Kinnock (born 1942) became Labour leader in 1983. In 1992 John Major was elected Conservative Prime Minister and Kinnock resigned as party leader after his election defeat. He remained an MP until 1995, and then became European commissioner for transport. He joined the board of Britain in Europe in September 2004, and later that year was chosen as head of the British Council. In 2005 he was granted a peerage and was created Baron Kinnock, of Bedwellty in the County of Gwent. National Union of Mineworkers' (NUM) General Secretary Arthur Scargill (born 1938) later became leader of the Socialist Labour Party.
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