'Thank-you smile from Khrushchev as he receives a bouquet. Watching, in tunic jacket, is Mao Tse-tung'. In 1959 there was a break in relations between their two countries and the Soviet Union cut off aid to China. Khrushchev (1894-1971) was premier of the USSR between 1958 and 1964, and first secretary of the Communist party (1953-1964). Mao Zedong (1893-1976) founded the People's Republic of China and was chairman of the central government council from 1949 until 1959. He remained chariman of the Communist party politburo, and in 1970 became supreme commander of the nation and army.
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