Martina Navratilova, Czech-American tennis player, July 1987.
© Manchester Daily Express / Science & Society Picture Library
Navratilova was born in Prague in 1956, and defected to the United States in 1975, becoming a US citizen in 1981. She won 18 Grand Slam singles titles including the women's singles title at Wimbledon which she won a record nine times, as well as 40 Grand Slam doubles titles. She came out as a lesbian in response to speculation about her relationship with Rita Mae Brown. In 1991 her split from partner of 9 years Judy Nelson was much publicised in the media. In 1994 Navratilova retired from the singles tour and was introduced into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2000. She is the oldest ever Grand Slam champion having won both the Australian Open and Wimbledon mixed doubles titles in 2003 aged 46 years and 8 months.