Flying Scotsman leaving York Station, c 1930s.
© National Railway Museum / Science & Society Picture Library -- All rights reserved
Oil painting by Mike Jeffries from 2004. The Flying Scotsman was the first express passenger locomotive. It was built by the newly formed London & North Eastern Railway in 1923. It was designed by Sir Nigel Gresley. In 1934 the Flying Scotsman was the first steam locomotive to reach a speed of 100mph.