Khrushchev and Brezhnev, 1943.
© Manchester Daily Express / Science & Society Picture Library
Khrushchev (1894-1971) was premier of the USSR between 1958 and 1964, and first secretary of the Communist party (1953-1964). In 1964, Brezhnev (1906-1982) led a coalition that ousted Khrushchev. In 1977, Brezhnev assumed the presidency of the USSR, becoming both head of state and head of the Communist party.