Bridge over the Marqual Canal, Kashmir, c 1865.
© NMeM / Royal Photographic Society / Science & Society Picture Library
Photograph by Samuel Bourne pioneer of travel photography. He began his working life as a bank clerk but abandoned this career in 1857 to became a photographer. ln 1863 Bourne left Britain for India where he established a studio in Simla, in partnership with Charles Shepherd. Between 1863 and 1870 he undertook several photographic expeditions, including trips to the Himalayas, producing a collection of landscape views unsurpassed in technical skill and compositional elegance. By 1870 the Bourne and Shepherd catalogue contained 2,000 views from all parts of the subcontinent.