'William Morris', c 1890.
© NMeM / Royal Photographic Society / Science & Society Picture Library
Platinum print photograph by Frederick Hollyer (1837-1933) of William Morris (1834-1896), British poet, artist, designer, businessman and social reformer. While at Oxford University he met a circle of artists which later became known as the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. In 1861 Morris founded William Morris & Co with Dante Gabriel Rossetti and Edward Burne-Jones as partners. He produced a wide range of practical and decorative goods such as textiles, wallpaper, furniture, stained glass, and ceramics. Emphasising craftsmanship and the natural beauty of materials in a reaction against the heavily ornate and mass-produced goods of the Victorian era, Morris founded the Arts and Crafts movement.