'Railway Sheds and Workshop, Balaklava', 1855.
© NMeM / Royal Photographic Society / Science & Society Picture Library
Photograph by Roger Fenton (1819-1869) of a supply depot and railway at Balaklava harbour during the Crimean War. The harbour is a forest of ships' masts. The railway and engineering sheds can be seen in the foreground. Civilian navvies built the first track and railway yard. In just seven weeks, seven miles of railway were laid. With his assistant Marcus Sparling and a mobile darkroom, a converted wine merchant's van, Fenton took 360 photographs of camp life, portraits and landscapes during the Crimean War (1854-1856). A dispute over religious sites in the Holy Land grew into a major European war with the allied forces of Ottoman Turkey, Britain, France and Sardinia invading southern Russia.