'Balmoral Castle', c 1856.
© NMeM / Royal Photographic Society / Science & Society Picture Library
Photograph by Roger Fenton (1819-1869) of Balmoral Castle, Aberdeenshire, the Scottish home of the Royal Family, just after it had been built. Fenton was probably commissioned to photograph the castle by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Prince Albert bought the castle for Queen Victoria in 1852 but it was considered to be too small. The old castle was demolished and a new building begun in 1853. Built from local white granite, it was completed in 1856. Fenton was a founding member of the Royal Photographic Society and one of the most influential photographers of the 1850s. He is best known as one of the first war photographers, from his work in the Crimea in 1855.