'View from Ivan's Tower, Moscow', 1852.
© NMeM / Royal Photographic Society / Science & Society Picture Library
Photograph by Roger Fenton (1819-1869). Believed to be one of the earliest photographs taken in Russia, this shows a view of the Moscow skyline with its distinctive onion dome roofs. In the right foreground is the Uspensky Sobor or Cathedral of the Dormition of the Virgin. Dating back to the early fifteenth century, it is the main church of the Kremlin. The roof of the Great Kremlin Palace is visible on the right of the picture. The palace was then newly rebuilt, only being finished in 1849. In 1852 Fenton accompanied his friend Charles Vignoles, an engineer, on a trip to Russia. Vignoles was building a suspension bridge across the River Dnieper. Fenton was at the beginning of his photographic career and returned with salted paper print views of Kiev, Moscow and St Petersburg.