'Cossack Bay, Balaklava', 1855.
© NMeM / Royal Photographic Society / Science & Society Picture Library
Photograph by Roger Fenton (1819-1869) of the busy port of Cossack Bay near Balaklava during the Crimean War. With his assistant Marcus Sparling and a mobile darkroom, a converted wine merchant's van, Fenton took 360 photographs of camp life, portraits and landscapes during the Crimean War (1854-1856). The war bogged down into a lengthy siege of the port of Sebastopol, which fell in 1855. Fenton was a founding member of the Royal Photographic Society and one of the most influential photographers of the 1850s. He is best known as one of the first war photographers, from his work in the Crimea. However, he also took many highly-regarded photographs of the Royal Family and the collections of the British Museum as well as many superb landscapes, architectural studies and still lifes.