'The Ordnance Wharf, Balaklava', 1855.
© NMeM / Royal Photographic Society / Science & Society Picture Library
Photograph by Roger Fenton (1819-1869), one of the first war photographers, of piles of cannon-balls on the quayside at Balaklava during the Crimean War. Huge supplies of ammunition, or ordnance, were needed for the artillery at the siege of Sebastopol. With his assistant Marcus Sparling and a mobile darkroom, a converted wine merchant's van, Fenton took 360 photographs of camp life, portraits and landscapes during the Crimean War (1854-1856). The war grew out of a dispute over religious sites in the Holy Land. It grew into a major European war with the allied forces of Ottoman Turkey, Britain, France and Sardinia invading southern Russia. The war bogged down into a lengthy siege of the port of Sebastopol, which fell in 1855.