'Highland Gillies at Balmoral', 1856.
© NMeM / Royal Photographic Society / Science & Society Picture Library
Photograph by Roger Fenton (1819-1869) of Scots on Queen Victoria's estate, Balmoral Castle in Scotland. Balmoral had been a popular home for the Royal Family in Scotland since Prince Albert bought it for Queen Victoria in 1852. The old castle was demolished and a new one built in 1856. Roger Fenton was a founding member of the Royal Photographic Society and one of the most influential photographers of the 1850s. He is best known as one of the first war photographers, from his work in the Crimea in 1855. However, he also took many highly-regarded photographs of the Royal Family and the collections of the British Museum as well as many superb landscapes, architectural studies and still lives.