LNER steam locomotive 4-6-2 No 4472 'Flying Scotsman' at NRM, 14 July 2004.
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The Flying Scotsman was the first express passenger locomotive. It was built by the newly formed London & North Eastern Railway in 1923. It was designed by Sir Nigel Gresley. In 1934 the Flying Scotsman was the first steam locomotive to reach a speed of 100mph.