Robert Browning, English poet, 1865.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Photograph of Browning (1812-1889) by Julia Margaret Cameron (1815-1879). Browning and Cameron were both inspired by the Italian Renaissance; Browning lived and worked in Italy for some years, and Cameron was influenced by the Pre-Raphaelite style of painting. Her photographic portraits are considered among the finest in the early history of photography. She set up a private studio at her Isle of Wight home at the age of 48, after her daughter gave her a camera, and she became expert at using the collodion wet-plate process. She used friends, servants and neighbours as subjects, including the scientists John Herschel and Charles Darwin.