Yuri Gagarin, c 1963.
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Yuri Gagarin disembarking a train in Russia, by Patrick Ransome-Wallis. Gagarin went into space on 12 April 1961, the first man to do so. He orbited the earth once in the Vostok space ship, spending just under 2 hours in space. He was welcomed home as a hero, but was killed in a plane crash in 1968.