Class 26 locomotive at Alexandria, Egypt, 1941.
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Class 26 4-4-2 oil-fired locomotive number 42, photographed by Patrick Ransome-Wallis. Egypt had better access to oil than coal to fuel its locomotives. Egypt opened its first railway line in 1856, with the help of Robert Stephenson. Many Egyptian locomotives were built by British, American or French companies, or were based on foreign designs.