Cairo to Port Said Express at Rassoua, Egypt, 1941.
© National Railway Museum / Science & Society Picture Library -- All rights reserved
The Cairo-Port Said Express, pulled by an oil-fired class 26 4-4-2 locomotive number 28, photographed by Patrick Ransome-Wallis. Egypt had better access to oil than coal to fuel its locomotives. Egypt opened its first railway line in 1856, with the help of Robert Stephenson. Many Egyptian locomotives were built by British, American or French companies, or were based on foreign designs.