Bhore Ghat, India, 1980.
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Railway line at Bhore Ghat, India, by Peter Bawcutt. This broad gauge line ascends a steep hill. The average gradient over this stretch of line was 1 in 37. The line winds up the hill so that the gradient is less steep. The train in the photograph is entering a tunnel: passengers can be seen hanging onto the outside of the carriages. There were many tunnels through this mountainous area of India. To cope with India's varied terrain, the Indian Railways used three gauges: 2' 6', metre gauge and 5' 6'.