'The Brownie's through the Union', book cover, 1895.
© NMeM / Kodak Collection / Science & Society
Cover of book by Canadian children's author Palmer Cox, featuring illustrations of Brownies, Cox's characters that inspired George Eastman to name his popular camera the Brownie. Eastman marketed the original Brownie to be an inexpensive camera for the mas market; when first introduced in 1900, the price of the camera was just $1(5 shillings in UK). As well as being cheap, the camera was extremely simple to use, even for children. The Brownie made photography accesible to the mases. Designed by Frank Brownell, the camera was literally a cardboard box with a wooden end, yet it took perfectly good photographs.