Children pushing a wagon of coal along an underground railway. Working in mines was just one of the dangerous and exhausting jobs done by British children during the 19th century. As well as sweeping chimneys, young children also worked long hours in textile factories, they worked at home doing piece-work, and hawked goods and shone shoes in the streets. Young people continue to be exploited in this way in developing countries. Illustration from 'Underground life, or, Mines and miners' by Louis Simonin (1830-1886), published in London in 1869.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library